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Sector studies

The development of sector studies focusing the future of the labour market is a relatively new topic in the Czech Republic, and therefore the necessary methodology is not available. This is why pilot studies were implemented to test and elaborate on various methodological approaches. The study “Future Skills Needs in the Energy Supply Industry”, which was implemented by the National Observatory of Employment and Training in 2007, was successful in testing a qualitative approach to the exploration of future labour market needs. Additional two sector studies were carried out as part of the Labour Market Institute project – in electrical engineering (NACE 30-33) and in the sector of information and communication technologies (ICT services, NACE 64.2 and 72). The studies concern the 2008-2018 period. 

More information about the outcomes of sector studies in industries:

About sector studies

Sector studies constitute a major instrument for identification of skills needs in the future labour market. They consist in taking a detailed look at selected sectors of the economy and in examining all factors that may affect their development in the upcoming years – be they related to trends technologies, processes, legislation, finance, demography, competition or macro-economy. 

The implications of these trends change not only the conditions within the sector and its position in the economy, but also the future demand for skilled workforce. Future labour market problems may therefore very much differ from the existing ones.  

Sector studies explore how demand for skilled labour will develop over the next 10 – 15 years in terms of their number, how the requirements for their knowledge and skills will change and whether or not changes in the sector will lead to the creation of entirely new occupations for which the system of technical and vocational education is not yet prepared. 

Since sector studies also focus on the supply side of the labour market – i.e. schools, their capacity and specialisations – it is possible to detect the potentially weakest spots in the labour market where the supply/demand mismatch will be the largest, where there will be too many or too few workers available, and where there will be the most robust changes in competencies that will have to be addressed by changes in technical and vocational education and training. 

In this part the sector study closely follows upon a quantitative employment model that projects future employment by sectors and occupations and the influence of demography on the sector (e.g. the numbers of retiring workers or those who move to other sectors, and the resulting number of jobs that will have to be filled in the following period). Moreover, it forecasts how many new graduates will be available in the sector and what their qualifications will be.

In addition to describing problems sector studies also aim at identifying prospective employment opportunities.  They analyse various alternatives of future development. Apart from the likely scenario, there is focus on analysing the “ideal” or “optimal” scenario of future development that envisages the maximum possible use of advantages and opportunities the sector has within the framework of global economy. Furthermore, sector studies also identify what the requirements for human resources would be if this scenario became reality.

In the labour market and in the area of vocational education and training there is a severe shortage of information about the potential of and employment opportunities within various occupations and fields of study – information that could be used by students, jobseekers and those interested in retraining courses and opportunities for enhancing skills. The primary objective of sector studies is to redress this lack of information and, in this way, help labour market players adopt more appropriate and responsible decisions on educational pathways, future careers, the focus and size of courses of initial and continuing education and training, etc. 

The outputs of sector studies should serve as background information for career guidance at labour offices, as well as for educational institutions that can modify their training provision on the basis of information about future needs.  

At national and strategic level sector studies help identify priorities for further development of the labour market. At regional level they may constitute a foundation for formulating regional development strategies, provided that they are complemented by a proper analysis of the regional situation, employment in the sector and enterprises.

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